What You Need to Know About Air Conditioners

air conditionerNo one wants to be hot and uncomfortable in their home during the long days of summer. There is an erroneous belief that just purchasing a larger room air conditioner will help. However, if you get one of these products, and it is not the right size for the room, it will not do its job properly. As a result, you will be worse off than you would have been if you had bought somethings small and more proportional to the space. This is because a bigger unit will get the temperature in the room down and then go through the process of dehumidification. This results in less than ideal living conditions. If you are getting a central air conditioning system, you need to work with an expert that can size your unit for you http://air-conditioning-toronto.ca.

With a central air system, adjust the settings so the fan will turn off when the compressor turns off. You can typically accomplish this by switching to the “auto” setting on the fan. Therefore, you should not allow the fan to circulate air. Instead, have fans in all of the rooms instead.

You also do not have to go the air conditioning route. Instead, you can put in a whole-house fan. These are great for a variety of settings, and they work by circulating cool air around the house and pushing the warm air out by way of the attic. If you want the whole-house fan to work as effectively as possible, make sure you turn it on when the temperature outside is still relatively cool.

How to Stay Cool

Make sure you do not turn your thermostat down too low. Set it at a level where you will be comfortable, but make sure it is turned up as high as individual preferences will allow. In addition, pay attention to the level of humidity in the home. You will save money if there is not a huge gap between the temperature outside and the temperature inside.

When you first turn on your air conditioner unit, you may be tempted to dial down the thermostat in an effort to cool the house faster. However, this will not work and could cost you quite a bit of money.

Don’t put anything that generates heat too close to your thermostat.

Final Thoughts

If you need to replace your air conditioner, look for a model that is energy efficient. In addition, a whole-house fan may be better suited for your needs than an air conditioner; make sure you look into this.

Tips for Buying a Furnace

Replacing your existing furnace in your HVAC system with a new, energy efficient model can help you save on your energy costs. Beyond money, modern furnaces improve comfort because they produce heat more steadily than older models, and they cause less pollution. The following information focuses on gas furnaces because they are the most common type of heating fuel http://www.furnace-repair-toronto.ca/.

Get Estimated Prices

To find the best deal on your new furnace, contact a minimum of three contractors to get estimates. Also, get the estimates in writing.

Size Is Important

furnaceThe furnace you choose should fit the needs of your household. Choosing one that is too small will not keep your home comfortable during very cold weather.

In most homes, furnaces are larger than needed to help avoid this problem. The only problem with purchasing a larger furnace than you need is the upfront costs. If a furnace is too large, it will turn on and off more often. This wastes energy, adds more stress on the mechanical components, and can cause uncomfortable variation in the temperature. Additionally, replacing your furnace with a larger one may require larger ductwork. When the ductwork is the wrong size, the airflow can create unnecessary noise.

Choose a reputable, experienced contractor to find the right size and have it properly installed. The contractor should spend time calculating your household needs by using industry standards, such as the “Manual J HVAC Residential Load Calculation,” by the Air Conditioning Contractors of America. This calculation takes into consideration other factors, such as your home’s construction, its size, design, and the climate. After the furnace is installed, routine maintenance based on the manufacturer’s recommendations will help prolong its lifespan.

Consider Efficiency

Most modern central HVAC systems use gas. The annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) rating reflects how well the furnace turns gas into heat, measured as a percentage. Higher numbers are indicative of a furnace that can create more heat from a therm of gas. When a furnace is efficient, it has fewer environmental considerations, such as emissions, which may influence your purchase decision.

Over time, furnaces have improved in their energy efficiency. In the 1970s, a gas furnace had an AFUE of approximately 65%. Today, the lowest efficiency allowed for a new gas furnace is 78%. Some very efficient models can achieve 97%, which is nearly perfect.

In general, the cost of a furnace tends to increase as it becomes more efficient. A unit with 80% AFUE might costs $1,000 less than a similar sized unit with 90% AFUE. The additional upfront costs are often offset by the lower utility costs over the lifespan of the furnace. The amount of time it takes to recover your investment will depend on more than the AFUE. The amount of electricity it takes to run furnaces with different efficiency ratings can vary drastically. Your climate, the amount of insulation inside your home, and your electricity and gas rates all influence how long it takes to recover your money.

Ways to Prevent an Emergency Leak from Becoming a Disaster

A leaking hot water heater is an emergency, I kid you not. And when this happens, it’s best to know what to do. And if you are not familiar with them, then allow us to give you more information http://www.furnace-repair-edmonton.ca/.

What to do:

water heaterThe first thing to do if you experience a leak in your water heater is to turn the water to the tank off. Note that a water heater tank has a dedicated shutoff valve on your cold inlet pipes. If your valve is gate-style, simply turn the valve clockwise. But if you have a ball-style valve, just turn the valve 180 degrees.

If the valve to your tank is broken, you can also shut off the water to your home since each home has a main water shutoff valve. Remember that this valve will stop the water to your entire house.

After turning the water supply off, it’s time to cut off the power. If your water heater is electric, simply turn your breaker off; however, if your water heater is gas, turn the dedicated gas shutoff valve off.

Why is it leaking?

A hot water heater’s tank is glass-lined and the minerals in the water, over time, can calcify and produce deposits inside the tank. These can cause the glass to crack and water to leak. Also, water expands as it heats and over time, the expansion will create stress on the glass which will also cause it to crack.

A cracked glass lining, unfortunately, is irreparable which means that the hot water heater needs to be replaced. These leaks are sometimes not affecting the performance of the unit and when a leak doesn’t cause much damage, it’ll go fine. But ultimately, when leaks occur, you’ll need to replace the water heater.
Leak from an electric water heater:

Once again, if your water heater is electric, be sure to turn the breaker off first before you work with the tank.

Leak from a gas water heater:

If your water heater is gas-powered, make sure that you turn the gas supply off first before you work with the tank. Gas water heaters should have dedicated gas shutoff valves on the gas line that leads directly to the tank.

So the 3 things that you need to do are:

  • Turn the gas off
  • Turn the water supply off
  • Drain the water tank

A technician always drains the tank before working on getting the problem fixed; however, it’s best to drain the tank yourself if it’s leaking badly to avoid any water damages. To drain the tank, simply screw a garden to the drain at the bottom and then turn the drain valve open.

Do not drain your tank on your driveway or your lawn as sediments will stain your driveway or harm your grass. Always drain it in a proper location.

What to do if the hot water heater is not producing hot water:

If you have an electric water heater and it’s not producing any hot water, check the breaker and make sure it isn’t tripped. But if you have a gas water heater, check if the pilot light is still operating. If none of these fixes the problem, schedule a service with a technician.

Gas leaks:

For gas leaks, you will need to turn the gas shutoff valve off and if you continue having a gas leak, dial a professional to check on the problem.

Some problems with water heaters require the immediate attention of a professional, but before you even dial that pro, make sure that you know the first aid to the problem to prevent any disaster from sprouting.

How to Install a Sink Drain

There aren’t many reasons why one would install a new sink drain. But if there is one, the most common would be to renovate or upgrade http://plumbers-edmonton.ca/. Depending on the new sink that will be installed and the parts that will come with it, the installation varies. Drains in older homes may not be as deep as they are now so it may be necessary to retrofit.

Here are the steps on how to install a sink drain:

Sink DrainMeasure the height of the drain. Although deep drains are handy, they also take up more space underneath so you might have to lower the drain height to make it fit. You will also need to measure the trap arm’s height from the base of the cabinet or the floor. Check the measurement to the center of the trap arm. If the measurement is more than 16″, then getting the necessary grade may be difficult, especially when there is a garbage disposal that will also be installed.

Having the information ready before you install or buy a new sink drain will be very beneficial as it will provide ample time to lower the drain’s height during installation.

Once you have determined that the drain needs to be lowered, lower the drain. In lowering the drain, you will need to open your wall and lower the santee or the sanitary tee. As soon as the sink is installed, check the height again. Generally, there should be 12 to 13 inches from the base of the cabinet or the floor. This will let you install a larger garbage disposal or more room for deep sink.

Remember that having enough space will also allow you to remove the trap and clean it should you need to in the future.

If the santee is being lowered, it would be best to wait to tighten the fittings as it will allow adjustments and movements while the other parts of the drain are being installed.

Install the disposal and the strainer. Since the pipes that will be put depend on what is being installed onto your sink, the disposal and the strainer need to be installed first. It will be best to put the disposal at the desired side first as it takes a much larger space than the strainer. You can then install the strainer on the other side. The other under-sink component is best to be installed during this time.

Connect the continuous waste pipe. The two sides of the sink drain will be connected by the continuous waste pipes so it is just timely to install it next. Take the waste pipe and hold them up to the ends of the drain. Then take a measurement for removing the flanged tailpiece.

The bottom of the flanged tailpiece is where the flanged tailpiece goes. You’ll need to allow a slight downgrade between the disposal and the other side by measuring from the flanged tailpiece to the outlet of the disposal. Be sure not to overestimate the length as the fitting should all fit together. If necessary, cut them long and make only small adjustments.

Connect the trap. The trap is placed right under the waste pipe. The parts of the trap can swing in any direction. Remember to have the trap face the correct way as turning it the wrong way will not only cause the sink to not work properly, it may also cause leaks.

You can now make all the adjustments necessary – grade down and make sure the pipes all go back toward your wall. Before you tighten the joints and glue everything into place, line everything up as you desire.

Once everything is well installed, run water and check for leaks. If there are any, tighten them up. Then, fill up the sink with water for a volume test.

Installing a sink drain may not be something that is commonly or regularly done but it is good to know how to install them yourself to avoid too much expense on having someone over to do it.

Tips for Choosing The Ideal Heating System

When it comes to heating a house, there are quite a few different options out there. If you are like a lot of people, you may be wondering which option is best. As it turns out, every type of home heating system has certain pros and cons. For instance, heating your home with electricity is reliable but can cost a lot of money. Using a wood burning stove, on the other hand, is far cheaper, yet much more labor-intensive and less efficient. Solar energy is extremely efficient but only works when the sun is out. As you can see, there is no simple answer when it comes to what type of heating system is best. However, in most cases, homeowners will benefit from choosing a forced air heating system. Check out some of these benefits to see why http://www.air-conditioning-edmonton.ca/:

heating system

1. Energy Efficiency

Over the past few decades, great strides have been made in increasing the efficiency of forced air heating systems. Most of today’s HVAC systems are rated at 90% or higher efficiency. That makes them an extremely efficient way to heat your home.

2. Simplicity

Because your entire heating system is controlled by a single thermostat, it is easy to adjust the temperature as you see fit. You don’t have to walk from room to room or worry about starting a fire. Instead, a simple flick of the wrist to move the temperature up or down is all it takes to keep your home comfortable.

3. Even Heating

One of the main advantages of forced air heating systems is that they heat your entire home evenly. That means that you won’t have any rooms that are hotter or colder than others. Additionally, you won’t have to huddle up next to the heating vent in order to stay comfortable.

4. Long-Lasting

Today’s HVAC systems are designed to last for quite a few years. In most cases, they can go decades before they even need repairs. If they do happen to break down, chances are they will still be covered under warranty. Knowing that you have a reliable, durable system in place can help put your mind at ease throughout the winter.

5. Attractive

Because the vast majority of an HVAC system is hidden behind closet doors or in your basement, you don’t have to worry about them detracting from the interior of your home. The only part of the system that is visible are the vents that distribute air throughout your home. This is in sharp contrast to other types of heating systems that have bulky parts that have to hang on the wall or sit on the floor of the room.

6. Cleaner Indoor Air

Because all of the air that is pumped through your heating system passes through the filter, it can reduce airborne particles inside your home. This is particularly true if you use a HEPA filter in your system. This can be a real benefit for people who suffer from allergies or asthma.

As you can see, there are a number of compelling reasons why you should choose one of these heating systems for your home. If you are on the fence about what type of heating is best for your space, it is well worth looking into a modern HVAC system. In the long run, a forced air system will help your home stay comfortable while at the same time keeping your energy bills manageable.

How to Install An Air Conditioner

installing air conditionerIn most cases, installing air conditioner is a job that is best left to the professionals. If, however, you feel like you have the necessary skills and tools, it is actually a project that you may be able to take on yourself. The following article takes a closer look at how to go about installing air conditioner so you can determine whether or not it is a project you are comfortable tackling on your own.

It is important to carefully read all of these instructions before you begin so that you know what you are getting yourself into. Additionally, be sure to allow plenty of time for the project so that you don’t feel rushed. As long as you have those things under control, you can move on to the following steps http://www.calgary-plumbers.co.

1. Determine where you are going to place the indoor unit.

Most air-conditioners have one part of the unit that resides inside and one part that resides outdoors. The first step that you need to tackle is figuring out where you are going to place the indoor portion of the air conditioner. This is one of the most important steps since its location can dramatically affect how well it works. Find an area where there are no obstructions that could interfere with the circulation of the air or that could make the installation process difficult.

2. Find a location for the outdoor unit.

Again, much like the indoor unit, location plays a key role in how well the outdoor unit will operate. Ideally, it should be located in an area that doesn’t get a lot of sun. If it is sitting directly in the sunlight, it will have to work harder to create cool air. Additionally, avoid positioning the unit so that the fans are directed toward the house. It should be placed on a flat, even surface with plenty of space around the entire unit.

3. Prepare the copper pipes.

One of the most challenging parts of installing air conditioner is bending the copper pipes. Typically, these pipes are too narrow and delicate for a pipe bender. Instead, you can simply bend the pipes by hand. All you have to do is remove the insulation from around each pipe and use your thumb to gently bend it. Once you have the pipe bent to the curvature that you want, you can replace the insulation and tape it into place with a piece of waterproof tape. This will help ensure that the insulation stays in place.

4. Position the drain pipe for water.

On the indoor unit, you can find the water drain pipe near the edge of the drip tray. It is important to make sure that this pipe is securely held in place. You should direct the pipe into the wall and down out of your home so that any water that is produced as a result of cooling the air can be directed out of your house. You may be surprised by just how much water air conditioning units produce. In fact, in areas of high heat and humidity, they can create up to 4 pints of water in a single day.

5. Place the pipes.

The pipes play a key role in ensuring that the air conditioner functions the way that it was meant to. If they aren’t in the proper place, your air conditioner won’t work correctly. Make sure you carefully plot out where the pipes will run before connecting them. Additionally, consider using oil or some other type of lubricant to make it easier to connect the pipes to one another. Tighten the connections with a wrench to ensure that there are no leaks.

Follow-up by insulating all of the pipes to minimize any energy loss. Finally, inspect all of your handiwork to see if you can spot any areas where there may be leaks.

It is important to carefully read through the instructions that come along with your unit so that you understand the installation process completely.